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Authors

Tedjo Sukmono
Winda Dwi Kartika

Abstract

DNA barcode as an effective tool for identification and reveal phylogenetic relationships in fish. The purpose of this study was to analysis DNA sequence, genetic distance and reveal phylogenetic relationships of stress resistance fish (blackfish) in Harapan Rainforest Jambi base on DNA barcode. The research was conducted from April to August 2016 in Harapan Rainforest Jambi, Integrated Laboratory, Jambi University and Biotechnology Laboratory of the Primate Study Centre-IPB University. DNA extraction was done on five blackfish species from Harapan Rainforest Jambi, namely Nandus nebulosus, Pristolepis grootii, Trichopodus leerii, Channa striata and Channa micropeltes. As a comparison, we used stress intolerance fish (whitefish) from Harapan Rainforest Jambi, i.e., Balantiocheilos melanopterus and Hemibagrus nemurus from the gene-bank NCBI with acession number KT001040,1. DNA Extraction was performed according to Quick-Star Tissue Protocol from Qiagen. COI gene amplification with modification at denaturation and anneling temperatures. Visualization DNA band using a horizontal electrophoresis machine from Bio Rad. Sequencing DNA send to 1st Base Malaysia. DNA sequence used Biodit and MEGA X software. The alignment of the DNA bands in MEGA X produces DNA sequence along 588 bp, where 350 bp conserve and 238 bp variable sites. The composition of the base nucleotides were (T/U) =29%, C=28.6%, A=25%, and G=17.3%. The closest genetic distance was between Channa striata and Channa micropeltes (0.190)  and the farthest was found on  Nandus nebulosus and  Hemibagrus nemurus (0.303). The phylogeny tree shows that the blackfishes are separated from whitefishes. The group of blackfish is divided into Channidae group (Channa striata, Channa micropeltes) and non-Channidae group (Nandus nebulosus, Trichopodus leerii, Pristolepis grootii).

Keywords:
blackfishes , DNA barcode , Harapan Rainforest

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