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Authors

Ilham Zulfahmi
Yusrizal Akmal
Agung Setia Batubara

Abstract

This study aims to describe the axial skeleton morphology (ossa vertebrae) of Thai mahseer’s,Tor tambroides (Bleeker 1854). A 5 kg of 65 cm fish sample  were obtained from fish trader in the Tangse River area of Pidie district.. The axial skeleton preparations processed at the Laboratory of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Al Muslim University, Bireuen district. The identification of terminology was done at Integrated Biology Laboratory, Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Ar-Raniry Islamic State University. The keureling’s axial skeleton processed by physically and chemically.. Axial skeleton was arranged into a single piece to analyze every part of it. Every part of axial skeleton documented by using Canon EOS 700D camera and processed by Adobe Photoshop CS3. The labeling of each part of the axial skeleton was done by comparing the similarity of the shape and location of each part of the fish axial skeleton that has been studied previously, either from the same family or from the different family.The results showed that Keureling had four axial vertebrae bones belonging to the weberian apparatus, 19 ossa abdominal vertebrae, 18 pairs ossa costales, 16 ossa caudal vertebrae and one os urostyles vertebrae.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan morfologi tulang belakang (ossa vertebrae) ikan keureling, Tor tam-broides (Bleeker, 1854). Contoh ikan diperoleh dari pedagang ikan di wilayah sungai Tangse Kabupaten Pidie dengan bobot 5 kg dan panjang 65 cm. Tahapan pembuatan preparat tulang belakang dilakukan di Laboratorium Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Al Muslim Kabupaten Bireuen. Identifikasi terminologi tulang belakang ikan dilakukan di Laboratorium Terpadu Biologi, Program studi Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry. Pembuatan preparat tulang belakang dilakukan secara fisik dan kimiawi. Tulang belakang yang telah bersih dirangkai menjadi satu kesatuan untuk dianalisis setiap bagian-bagiannya. Pemotretan setiap bagian tulang bela-kang dilakukan dengan menggunakan kamera Canon EOS 700D dan diolah dengan menggunakan Adobe Photoshop CS3. Penamaan setiap bagian tulang belakang dilakukan dengan cara membandingkan kemiripan bentuk dan letak dari setiap bagian tulang belakang ikan yang telah diteliti sebelumnya, baik dari famili yang sama maupun dari famili yang berbeda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ikan keureling memiliki empat buah tulang axial vertebrae yang termasuk da-lam tulang Weber (Weberian apparatus), 19 ossa abdminal vertebrae, 18 pasang ossa costae, 16 ossa caudal vertebrae dan satu os urostyles vertebrae.

Keywords:
Tor tambroides , aparatus weberian , ossa abdominal vertebrae , ossa caudal vertebrae

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