Main Article Content


Prawira Atmaja R.P. Tampubolon
M. F. Rahardjo
nFN Krismono


This research was held on October 2011 until January 2012 in Ir. H. Djuanda Reservoir, West Java, in order to describe some aspects of Midas cichlid (Amphilophus citrinellus) growth, such as length-weight relationship, condition factor, and growth constant (K). The samples were captured from six stations using 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, and 3.5 inches mesh sized of gill nets. The captured samples were separated in accordance to the stations, then the fish size and weight were measured. The total of fish captured were 460 individuals from six sampling stations. Total length of the captured fishes ranged from 62-210 mm and body weight is 4.81-187.18 gram. Midas cichlids are positive allometric. The condition factor varied depending on periods and stations. The growth formula for Midas cichlid was Lt= 215.78 (1-e'039 (t+025)). AbstrakPenelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Oktober 2011-Januari 2012 di Waduk Ir. H. Djuanda, Jawa Barat, dengan tujuan untuk mendeskripsikan beberapa aspek yang bertalian dengan pertumbuhan ikan oskar (Amphilophus citrinellus) di waduk tersebut, seperti hubungan panjang-bobot, faktor kondisi, dan koefisien pertumbuhan. Contoh ikan diambil di enam stasiun yang menggunakan alat tangkap jaring insang berukuran mata jaring 1; 1,5; 2; 2,5; 3; dan 3,5 inci. Contoh ikan yang tertangkap dipisahkan berdasarkan stasiun, kemudian diukur panjang dan ditimbang bobotnya. Total ikan contoh yang tertangkap selama penelitian berjumlah 460 ekor yang berasal dari enam stasiun pengamatan. Pan-jang total dan bobot tubuh ikan berkisar antara 62-210 mm dan 4,81-187,18 gram. Pola pertumbuhan ikan oskar ada-lah alometrik positif. Faktor kondisi ikan oskar bervariasi berdasarkan waktu dan stasiun pengamatan. Persamaan pertumbuhan panjang ikan oskar mengikuti formula Lt= 215,78 (1-e-0,39 (t+0,25)).

condition factor , Midas cichlid , growth.

Downloads article

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia

  Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:  
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.  
  b.) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.  
  c.) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).  
  Creative Commons License
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia by Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (MII) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at



Berne R & Levy MN. 1988. Physiology. Second Edition. The C.V. Mosby Company. St. Louis. Washington, D.C. Toronto. pp. 962969.

Buchmann K & Bresciani J. 2006. Monogenia (Phylum Platyhelmintes). In Woo PTK. Fish diseases and disorders. Volume 1 Protozoa and metazoan infections 2nd edition. University of Guelph Canada. pp. 297344.

Cataldi E, P. Di Marco, Mandich A, Cataudella S. 1998. Serum parameter of adriatic sturgeons Acipenser naccarii (Pisces: Acipenseriformes): effects of temperature and stress. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A 121: 351-354.

Costas B, Aragao C, Mancera JM, Dinis MT, Conceicao LEC. 2008. High stocking density induces crowding stress and affects amino acid metabolism in Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis (Kaup 1858) juveniles. Aquaculture Research, 39: 1-9.

Dickerson HW. 2006. Ichthyophthirius multifilis and Cryptocaryon irritans (Phylum Cilio-phora). In Woo PTK (Ed.). Fish diseases and disorders. Volume 1 Protozoa and metazoan infections. 2nd edition. University of Guelph Canada. pp. 116-153.

Effendie MI. 1979. Metode biologi perikanan. Yayasan Dewi Sri. Bogor. 112 hlm.

Evans DH & Claiborne JB. 2006. The physiology of fishes. Third Edition. Taylor & Francis. pp. 231-340.

Flajshans M & Hulata G. 2007. Common carp-Cyprinus carpio. Genimpact final scientific report. pp. 32-39.

Gabriel UU, Amakiriand EU & Ezeri GNO. 2007. Haematology and gill pathology of Clarias gariepinus exposed to refined petroleum oil, kerosene under laboratory conditions. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 6(3): 461-465.

Gbore FA, Oginni O, Adewole AM & Aladetan JO. 2006. The effect of transportation and handling stress on haematology and plasma biochemistry in fingerlings of Clarias gariepinus and Tilapia zilii. Word Journal of Agriculture Sciences 2(2): 208 -212.

Hastuti S. 2004. Respons fisiologi ikan gurami (Osphronemus gouramy, Lac.) yang diberi pakan mengandung kromium-ragi terhadap penurunan suhu lingkungan. Diserta-si. Bogor: Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor. hlm. 12-44 (tidak dipublikasikan).

Hrubec TC & Smith SA. 2010. Hematology of fishes. In Weiss DJ & Wardrop KJ (Eds.). Veterinary hematology 6rd edition. Wiley-Blackwell Ltd., Publication. pp. 994-1003.

Johnny F, Zafran, Rosa D, Mahardika K. 2003. Hematologis beberapa spesies ikan laut budi daya. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia 9(4): 63-71.

Kaligis EY. 2010. Peningkatan sintasan dan ki-nerja pertumbuhan udang vaname (Lito-penaeus vannamei, Boone) di media bersalinitas rendah. Disertasi. Sekolah Pasca sarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor. 100 hlm. (tidak dipublikasikan).

Konstantinov AS & Zdanovich VV. 2007. Influence of temperature oscillations on some hematological value and metabolism of fish. Moscow University Biological Sciences Bulletin 62(2): 59-61.

Kubulay A & Ulukoy G. 2002. The effects of acute stress on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Turkish Journal of Zooloogy 26: 249-254.

Lom J & Dykova I. 1992. Protozoan parasite of fish development in Aquaculture and Fisheries. Science 26: 253-258.

Moyle PB & Cech JJ. 2004. Fishes: an introduction to ichthyology. Fifth edition. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. pp. 51-75.

Nikoskelainen S, Bylund G & Lilius EM. 2004. Effect of environmental temperature on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) innate immunity. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 28: 581-592.

Nofrizal, Yanase K & Arimoto T. 2009. Effect of temperatur on the swimming endurance and post-exercise recovery of jack mackerel Trachurus japonicus as determined by monitoring. Fish Sciences 75: 1369-1375.

Rafatnezhad S, Falahatkar B & Gilan iMHT. 2008. Effects of stocking density on hae-matological parameter, growth and fin erosion of great sturgeon (Huso huso) juvenile. Aquaculture Research, 39: 15061513.

Ramesh M & Saravanan M. 2008. Haematological and biochemical responses in a freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio exposed to chlorpyrifos. International Journal of Integrative Biology 3(1): 80-83.

Ramsay JM, Feist GW, Varga ZM, Westerfield M, Kent ML & Schreek CB. 2006. Whole body cortisol is an indicator of crowding stress in adult zebrafish, Danio rerio. Aquaculture 258: 565-574.

Rigal F, Thibaud C, Catherine LN, Guy C, Jean-Antoine T, Fabien A & Patrick B. 2008. Osmoregulation as a potensial factor for the differential distribution of two cryptic gobiid spesies, Pomatoschistus microps and P. marmoratus in French Mediterranean lagoons. Scientia Marina 72(3): 469-476.

Stoskopf SK. 1993. Immunology. In Stoskopf MK Fish medicine. WB. Saunders Company. Harcout Brace Jovanovich, Inc. Philadelphia London Toronto Montreal Sydney Tokyo. pp. 149-159.

Syawal H, Mulyadi & Aryani N. 2001. Peng-aturan suhu dan padat tebar benih ikan jambal siam (Pangasius hypophthalmus) terhadap derajad insiden I. multifiliis. Jurnal Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. 6(2): 6672.

Svobodova Z, Vykusova B, Modra H, Jarkovsky J, Smutna M. 2006. Haematological and biochemical profile of harvest-size carp during harvest and post-harvest storage. Aquaculture Research, 37:959-965.

Varsamos S, Flik G, Pepin JF, Wendelaar, Bonga SE, Breul G. 2006. Husbandry stress during early life stages affects the stress response and health status of juvenile sea-bass,

Dicentrarchus labrax L. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 20: 83-96.

Wedemeyer GA. 1996. Physiology of fish in intensive culture system. Chapman and Hall. 115 Fifth Avenue New York. 232 p.