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Authors

Surianti Surianti
Hasrianti Hasrianti
Wahyudi Wahyudi
Muh Irwan

Abstract

Tilapia cultivation has the potential to be developed in Indonesia, especially in South Sulawesi. However, the obstacle faced in tilapia cultivation is feed; the price is relatively high because the raw materials are still imported. One of the efforts to overcome dependence on imported feed raw materials is using local raw materials, namely rice bran. This study aims to determine the best type of probiotic in hydrolyzing rice bran flour into artificial feed on survival and conversion ratio of tilapia fish feed. This research was conducted in Sidenreng Rappang Regency. The test animals used were tilapia larvae with an average size of 1.03 g. The maintenance container is a tarpaulin pond with a size of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m filled with 85 L of freshwater. The study was designed using a completely randomized design consisting of four treatments and three replications. The fermenting materials used as treatment were Bacillus sp., Lactobacillus sp., Aspergillus nigers, Yeast (Acetobacter). The test feed was given to 20 tilapia larvae stocked in each container for 60 days of rearing. The survival data and feed conversion ratio for tilapia were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results showed that tilapia fed fermented rice bran feed using the fermenter Lactobacillus sp. had a significant effect on survival (SR) with a value of 85% and the feed conversion ratio (FCR) of tilapia with a value of 2.23.

Keywords:
Acetobacter , Aspergillus niger , Bacillus sp. , rice bran , tilapia , feed conversion ratio , Lactobacillus sp. , survival.

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References

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Iribarren D, Dagá P, Moreira MT, Feijoo G. 2012. Potential environmental effects of probiotics used in aquaculture. Aquaculture International, 20(4): 779-789.


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Nugraha S. 2017. Pengaruh pemberian hasil fermentasi dedakdenganragi roti terhadap parameter fisika dan kimia air serta pertumbuhan dan kelangsunganhidup benih ikan lele sangkuriang (Clarias sp). Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Perikanan dan Budidaya Perairan, 12(2): 33-41.


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Putra I, Setiyanto DD, Wahjuningrum D. 2011. Pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup ikan nila Oreochromis niloticus dalam sistem resirkulasi. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 16(1): 56-63.


Putra AN. 2010. Kajian probiotik, prebiotik dan sinbiotik untuk meningkatkan kinerja pertumbuhan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Tesis. Program Studi Ilmu Akuakultur, Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor. 63 p.


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Surianti, Muaddama F, Putri RS, Hasrianti, Damis, Wahyudi. 2021.a Application of Fermented Rice Bran Using Lactobacillus sp. in Artificial Feed For Survival Rate and FCR of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Advances in Biological Sciences Research, Proceedings of the 3rd KOBI Congress, International and National Conferences, 4 : 529-534.


Surianti, Muaddama F, Wahyudi, Firman SW. 2021.b Pengaruh konsentrasi dedak padi terfermentasi menggunakan Lactobacillus sp. dalam pakan buatan terhadap kinerja pertumbuhan dan aktivitas enzim ikan nila, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 21(1): 11-22.


Verschuere L, Rombaut G, Sorgeloos P, Verstraete W. 2000. Probiotic bacteria as biological control agents in aquaculture. Microbiology and Molecular Reviews, 64(4): 655-671.


Widanarni, Wahjuningrum D, Puspita F. 2012. Aplikasi bakteri probiotik melalui pakan buatan untuk meningkatkan kinerja pertumbuhan udang windu (Penaeus monodon). Jurnal Sains Terapan, 2(1): 19–29


Widyatmoko, Effendi H, Pratiwi NTM. 2019. Pertumbuhan dan sintasan ikan nila, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) pada sistem akuaponik dengan padat tanaman vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides L. Nash) yang berbeda. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 19(1): 157-166.


Aslamyah S. 2006. Penggunaan mikroflora saluran pencernaan sebagai probiotik untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup ikan bandeng. Disertasi. Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.


Djajasewaka H. 1985. Pakan Ikan (Makanan Ikan). Cetakan ke-1. Yasaguna. Jakarta. 47 p.


Effendi I. 2004. Pengantar Akuakultur. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta


Fahrizal A, Nasir M. 2017. Pengaruh penambahan probiotik dengan dosis berbeda pada pakan terhadap pertumbuhan dan rasio konversi pakan (Fcr) ikan nila (Oreochromis Niloticus). Median, 9(1): 69-80


Gao W, Liu, Tian, Mai, Liang, Yang, Huai, Luo. 2011. Protein sparing capability of dietary lipid in herbivorous and omnivorous freshwater finfish: a comparative case study on Ctenopharyngodon idella and Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture Nutrition, 17 (1): 2-12.


Hadijah St, Jayadi, Harlina, Nurkhaliza I. 2019. Efektifitas pakan dari bungkil kelapa sawit terhadap sintasan dan pertumbuhan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Journal of Indonesian Tropical Fisheries, 2(1): 32-42


Hidayat N, Padaga MC, & Suhartini S. 2006. Mikrobiologi Industri. Penerbit Andi. Yogyakarta.


Ikhwanuddin M, Putra AN, Mustahal. 2018. Pemanfataan dedak padi fermentasi menggunakan Aspergillus niger sebagai bahan baku pakan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 8(1):79–87.


Iribarren D, Dagá P, Moreira MT, Feijoo G. 2012. Potential environmental effects of probiotics used in aquaculture. Aquaculture International, 20(4): 779-789.


Irianto A. 2003. Probiotik Akuakultur. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta. 125 p


Mulyani YS, Yulisman, Fitrani M. 2014. Pertumbuhan dan efisiensi pakan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus) yang dipuasakan secara periodik. Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia, 2(1): 01-12.


Nina S, Givskov J, Martin D. 2012. The potential of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid to modulate eicosanoid synthesis and reproduction in Daphnia magna. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 162(4): 449-454.


Nugraha S. 2017. Pengaruh pemberian hasil fermentasi dedakdenganragi roti terhadap parameter fisika dan kimia air serta pertumbuhan dan kelangsunganhidup benih ikan lele sangkuriang (Clarias sp). Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Perikanan dan Budidaya Perairan, 12(2): 33-41.


NRC. 1993. Nutritional Requirement of Warmwater Fishes. National Academic of Science. Washington. 248 p.


Ovie SO, Eze SS. 2013. Lysine requirement and its effect on body composition of Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 8(1): 94-100.


Putra I, Setiyanto DD, Wahjuningrum D. 2011. Pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup ikan nila Oreochromis niloticus dalam sistem resirkulasi. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 16(1): 56-63.


Putra AN. 2010. Kajian probiotik, prebiotik dan sinbiotik untuk meningkatkan kinerja pertumbuhan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Tesis. Program Studi Ilmu Akuakultur, Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor. 63 p.


Putri FS, Hasan Z, dan Haetami K. 2012. Pengaruh pemberian bakteri probiotik pada pelet yang mengandung kaliandra (Calliandracalothyrsus) terhadap pertumbuhan benih ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 3(4): 283-291.


Suprihatin. 2010. Teknologi Fermentasi. UNESA Press. Surabaya.


Supriyatna A, Amalia D, Jauhari AA, dan Holydaziah D. 2015. Aktivitas enzim amilase, lipase, dan protease dari larva Hermetia illucens yang diberi pakan jerami padi. Jurnal Istek, 9(2): 18-32.


Surianti, Muaddama F, Putri RS, Hasrianti, Damis, Wahyudi. 2021.a Application of Fermented Rice Bran Using Lactobacillus sp. in Artificial Feed For Survival Rate and FCR of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Advances in Biological Sciences Research, Proceedings of the 3rd KOBI Congress, International and National Conferences, 4 : 529-534.


Surianti, Muaddama F, Wahyudi, Firman SW. 2021.b Pengaruh konsentrasi dedak padi terfermentasi menggunakan Lactobacillus sp. dalam pakan buatan terhadap kinerja pertumbuhan dan aktivitas enzim ikan nila, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 21(1): 11-22.


Verschuere L, Rombaut G, Sorgeloos P, Verstraete W. 2000. Probiotic bacteria as biological control agents in aquaculture. Microbiology and Molecular Reviews, 64(4): 655-671.


Widanarni, Wahjuningrum D, Puspita F. 2012. Aplikasi bakteri probiotik melalui pakan buatan untuk meningkatkan kinerja pertumbuhan udang windu (Penaeus monodon). Jurnal Sains Terapan, 2(1): 19–29


Widyatmoko, Effendi H, Pratiwi NTM. 2019. Pertumbuhan dan sintasan ikan nila, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) pada sistem akuaponik dengan padat tanaman vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides L. Nash) yang berbeda. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 19(1): 157-166.