Main Article Content


Wijianto Wijianto
Kukuh Nirmala
Yuni Puji Hastuti
Eddy Supriyono


The color quality of Sumatra barb that cultivated by the farmers are not as good as the fish that collected from the wild. One of the causes is the unsuitable environment for maintaining and breeding Sumatran barb. This research aims to compare color quality of Sumatra barb Puntigrus tetrazona by exposure the different light spectrums on maintenance media. The experiment was completely randomize design with six treatments and three replications consisted of K (control), R (room light), M (red light spectrum), H (green light spectrum), B (blue light spectrum) and P (white light spectrum). The method used to measure Sumatra barb color quality using Photoshop CS 5 software and chromatophore cell calculations. The results of color quality analysis after 28 showed that the (M) treatment had the highest percentage of color quality was 48.81 ± 1.57% for orange color and 32.26 ± 0.07% for black color. The highest number of chromatophore cells was in M treatment with 147 ± 3.7 cells mm-². The red light spectrum (M) treatment showed the best physiological response and improvement of color quality and the glucose level was 23.00 ± 1.00 mg dL−1. The best color quality of the Sumatra barb is produced by exposure to the red light spectrum (M).

color quality , light spectrum , physiology , Sumatra barb Puntigrus tetrazona

Downloads article

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia

  Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:  
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.  
  b.) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.  
  c.) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).  
  Creative Commons License
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia by Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (MII) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at



Ahlihan B, Jegan K, Felix N, Ravaneswaran K. 2008. Influence of botanical additives on the growth and colouration of adult goldfish, Carassius auratus (Linnaeus). Journal Veterinary & Animal Sciences, 4(4): 129-134.

Anderson S. 2000. Color and teh consumer. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade Procedding, 1-3.

Aras AK, Nirmala K, Soelistyowati DT, Sudarto. 2016. Manipulasi spektrum cahaya terhadap pertumbuhan dan kualitas warna yuwana ikan botia Chromobotia macracanthus (Bleeker, 1852). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 16(1): 45-55.

Axelrod HR. 1998. Atlas of Freshwater Aqua-rium Fishes .9th edition. TFH Publication, Washington. 890 p.
Baensch HA, Riehl R. 1996. Aquarien Atlas. Band 1 10th Edition Melle : Mergus-Verlag GmbH, Germany. 992 p.

Bouef G, Le Bail PY. 1999. Does light have an influence on fish growth? Aquaculture, 177 (1-4): 129-152.

Boyd CE. 1982. Water Quality Management for Pond Fish Culture. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam. 318 p.

[DJPB] Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Budi daya. 2017. Laporan kinerja 2016. Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Budidaya Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. Jakarta 86 hlm.

Effendie MI, 1997. Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama, Yogyakarta. 163 hlm.

Hastuti S, Mokoginta I, Dana D, Sutardi T. 2004. Resistensi terhadap stres dan res-pons imunitas ikan gurami (Osphronemus gourmay, Lac) yang diberi pakan mengandung kromium-ragi. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia, 11(1) : 15-21

Iwama GK, Afonso LOB, Vijayan MM. 2005. Stress in fish. In: Evans DH, Claiborne JB (editors). The Physiology of Fishes, 3rd ed. CRC Press. Boca Raton, pp. 319- 342

Kant KR, Gupta K, Langer S. 2016. Seasonal variations in cromatophore index in fish Puntigrus sophore from jammu water bodies, jammu and kashmir (India). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 4(4): 425-430.

Kim B, Lee D, Chun K. 2018. Effects of led color on fish growth in aquaculture. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(3): 3321-3325.

Koncara G, Utomo NBP, Setiawati M, Yamin M. 2019. Peningkatan kualitas warna ikan sumatra albino, Puntigrus tetrazona (Bleeker, 1855) dengan pakan buatan yang diperkaya tepung bayam merah (Amaranthus tricolor L.). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 19(1): 53-64.

Medkour B, Mehanna M, Abdelmonem M. 2013. Comparison study between using HPLS, LED, and C.F lamps in roadway lighting, New York Cience Journal, 6(10): 26-30.

Nafsihi N, Hudaidah S, Supono. 2016. Peman-faatan tepung Spirulina sp. untuk me-ningkatkan kecerahan warna ikan sumatra (Puntigrus tetrazona). e-Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Budidaya Perairan, 4(2): 523-528.

Novita RD, Nirmala K, Supriyono E, Ardi I. 2019. Efektivitas paparan spektrum cahaya lampu Light Emitting Diode (LED) terhadap pertumbuhan dan kualitas warna yuwana ikan badut, Amphiprion percula (Lacepede, 1802). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 19(1): 127-141.

Rahayu G, Sakioto. 2018. Analisa pengaruh filter warna dan daya lampu fluorescent terhadap kelajuan nyamuk. Jurnal Komunikasi Fisika Indonesia, 15(2): 1318-1327.

Rahardjo MF, Sjafei DS, Affandi R, Sulistiono. 2011. Iktiologi. CV Lubuk Agung. Bandung. 396 hlm.

Roberts RJ, Ellis AE, 2012. The anatomy and physiology of teleostei. In: Robets RJ (editor). Fish Pathology 4th ed Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. p.17-20.

Santos TG, Schorer M, Santos JCE, Pelli A, Pedreira MM. 2019. The light intensity in growth, behavior and skin pigementation of juvenile catfish Lophiosilurus alexan-dri (Steindachner). Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 47(3): 416-422.

Saxena A. 1994. Health; colouration of fish. Proceedings of International Symposium on Aquatic Animal Health: Program and Abstract. University of California, School of Veterinary Medicine, California. pp. 94.

Tume RK, Sikes AL, Tabbert S, Smith DM. 2009. Effect of background colour on the distribution of astaxanthin in black Sumatra prawn (Panaeus monodon): Effective method for improvement of cooked colour. Aquaculture, 269(1-2): 129-135.

Utomo BS, Yustiati A, Riyantini I, Iskandar. 2017. Pengaruh perbedaan warna cahaya lampu terhadap pertumbuhan ikan nilem (Osteochilus hasselti). Jurnal Perikanan dan Kalutan, 8(2): 76-82.

Volpato GL, Freitas RHA, da Silva DF, Delicio HC, Giaquinto PC, Barreto RE. 2013. Red light stimulates feeding motivation in fish but does not improve growth. Publik Library of Science One, 8(3): 1-5.

Wianggawati HD, Firdaus M, Fariyanti A. 2014. Pengembangan komoditas ekspor ikan hias air tawar dan kaitannya dengan pembangunan ekonomi di Kabupaten Bogor. Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah, 6(1): 82-96.