Comparative osteology of Tor tambroides (Bleeker, 1854) and Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842) vertebral column (ossa vertebrae)


Ilham Zulfahmi, Yusrizal Akmal, Muhammad Radhi, Muslich Hidayat, Muliari Muliari
 DOI  https://doi.org/10.32491/jii.v20i3.530

Abstract

Information related to osteology plays a vital role in support ecomorphology and phylogenetic relationship analysis in fish. This study aimed to describe the comparative morphology of the vertebral column between Tor tambroides (Bleeker, 1854) and Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842). Samples of Tor tambroides and Tor tambra were obtained from fish traders in the Tangse River area of Pidie Regency and Sampoinet River area, Aceh Jaya Regency, Aceh Province. Vertebral column preparation consists of five steps: muscles and scales separation, immersion in a formaldehyde solution, drying, morphometric measurements, photographing and image editing, and identification of terminology. The results showed that there are morphological differences between Tor tambroides and Tor tambra vertebral column, particularly in the axial vertebrae, posterior vertebrae caudales, and urostylus regions. The pleural costae of Tor tambroides have a posterior curve with the left and right sides interlocking. The lateral Tor tambroides process tends to curve posteriorly, while the Tor tambra tends to round up parallel to the dorsal costae. Tor tambroides tend to have stronger ligaments marked by the absence of a foramen between the hypural. Morphometrically, Tor tambroides tend to have higher centrum ratios (length, width, and height), neural spine, haemalis spine, and costae compared to Tor tambra. The significant difference in morphometric results in observed the axial vertebrae and the posterior vertebrae caudales region. Further research related to the correlation of vertebral column morphology with the environmental condition of these fish is still necessary.

Keywords

axial vertebrae; weberian apparatus; processus lateralis; vertebrae caudales; urostylus

Full Text:

PDF

References

Akmal Y, Zulfahmi I, Saifuddin, F. 2018a. Ka-rakteristik morfometrik dan skeleton ikan keureling (Tor tambroides Bleeker 1854). Jurnal Ilmiah Samudra Akuatika, 2(1): 35- 44.

Akmal Y, Zulfahmi I, Rahardjo MF. 2018b. Morphology of appendicular skeleton of the Thai mahseer’s Tor tambroides (Bleeker, 1854). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 18(3): 261-274.

Akmal Y, Zulfahmi I, Dhamayanti Y, Paujiah E. 2020. Osteocranium of Tor tambroides (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Tangse River, Aceh, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 21(2): 442- 450.

Arunkumar AA, Lakshmi NV, Manimekalan A. 2018. Osteological characterization of the genus Puntius (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) recorded from six river systems of southern Western Ghats, India. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 5(2): 139-166.

Bird NC, Hernandez LP. 2007. Morphological variation in the weberian apparatus of Cypriniformes. Journal of Morphology, 268(9): 739-757.

Bird NC, Richardson SS, Abels JR. 2020. Histo-logical development and integration of the zebrafish Weberian apparatus. Develop-mental Dynamics. 249(1): 998-1017.

Bogutskaya NG, Naseka AM, Golovanova IV. 2008. Descriptive osteology of Gymno-corymbus ternetzi (Teleostei: Characi-formes: Characidae). Zoo-systematica Rossica, 17(2): 111-128.

Britz R, Conway KW. 2009. Osteology of Paedocypris, a miniature and highly developmentally truncated fish (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Cyprinidae). Journal of Morphology, 270(4): 389 – 412.

Coburn MM, Chai P. 2003. Development of the anterior vertebrae of Chanos chanos (Os-tariophysi: Gonorynchiformes). Copeia, (1): 175-180.

Costa WJEM. 2012. The caudal skeleton of extant and fossil cyprinodontiform fishes (Teleostei: Atherinomorpha): comparative morphology and delimitation of phyloge-netic characters. Vertebrate Zoology, 62(2): 161-180.

Dierickx K, Wouters W, Van Neer W. 2017. Comparative osteological study of three species of distinct genera of Haplotilapiini (Cichlidae). Cybium, 41(3): 223-235.

Diogo R. 2008. The Origin of Higher Clades, Osteology, Myology, Phylogeny and Evo-lution of Bony Fishes and the Rise of Te-trapods. Science Publishers. USA. 396 p.

Evans KM, Kim LY, Schubert BA, Albert JS. 2019. Ecomorphology of neotropical electric fishes: An integrative approach to testing the relationships between form, function, and trophic ecology. Integrative Organismal Biology, 1(1): 1-16.

Haryono. 2017. Fauna ikan air tawar di perairan kawasan Gunung Sawal, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Berita Biologi, 16(2): 147-156.

Haryono, Subagja J. 2008. Populasi dan habitat ikan tambra, Tor tambroides (Bleeker, 1854) di perairan kawasan Pegunungan Muller Kalimantan Tengah. Biodiversitas, 9(4): 306-309.

Haryono. 2006. Aspek biologi ikan tambra (Tor tambroides Bleeker,1854) yang eksotik dan langka sebagai dasar domestikasi. Biodiversitas, 7(2): 195-198.

Hilton EJ, Kley NJ. 2005. Osteology of the quillfish, Ptilichthys goodei (Perciformes: Zoarcoidei: Ptilichthyidae). Copeia, (3): 571-585.

Howes GJ. 1982. Anatomy and evolution of the jaws in the semiplotine carps with a review of the genus Cyprinion Heckel, 1843 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology, 42(4): 299-335.

Jalili P, Eagderi S, Nikmehr N, Keivany Y. 2015. Descriptive osteology of Barbus cyri (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from southern Caspian Sea basin. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 2(2): 105 – 112.

Jawad LA, Alwan N. 2020. Osteological charac- ters to define six species of the Capoeta damascina species complex (Cyprinifor- mes: Cyprinidae). Journal of Ichthyo- logy, 60(2): 182-203.

Jawad LA. 2015. Study of the vertebral column of the onion trevally, Carangoides caeruleopinnatus (Teleostei: Carangidae) collected from the Sea of Oman. Italian Journal of Zoology, 82(1): 41-47.

Johanson Z, Sutija M, Joss J. 2005. Regionaliza- tion of axial skeleton in the lungfish Neoceratodus forsteri (Dipnoi). Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, 304(3): 229- 237.

Kiat NC. 2004. The kings of the rivers Mahseer in Malayan and the region. Inter Sea Fishery. Selangor

Kottelat M, Whitten AJ, Kartikasari SN, Wirjoat-modjo S. 1993. Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions Limited. Singapore

Leprevost A, Sire JY. 2014. Architecture, mineralization and development of the axial skeleton in Acipenseriformes, and occurrences of axial anomalies in rearing conditions; can current knowledge in teleost fish help? Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30(4): 767-776.

Mafakheri P, Eagderi S, Farahmand H, Mousavi-Sabet H. 2015. Osteological structure of Kiabi loach, Oxynoemacheilus kiabii (Actinopterygii: Nemacheilidae). Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 1(3): 197 – 205.

Miyashita T. 2010. Unique occipital articulation with the first vertebra found in pristigas- terids, chirocentrids, and clupeids (Teleostei: Clupeiformes: Clupeoidei). Ichthyological Research, 57(2): 121-132.

Muchlisin ZA, Azizah S. 2009. Diversity and distribution of freshwater fishes in Aceh waters, northern Sumatra Indonesia. International Journal of Zoological Research, 5(2): 62-79.

Muhtadi A, Dhuha OR, Desrita D, Siregar T, Muammar M. 2017. Kondisi habitat dan keragaman nekton di hulu Daerah Aliran Sungai Wampu, Kabupaten Langkat, Provinsi Sumatera Utara. DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan, 6(2): 90-99

Nasri M, Keivany Y, Dorafshan S. 2013. Comparative osteology of lotaks, Cyprinion kais and C. macrostomum (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae), from Godarkhosh River, western Iran. Journal of Ichthyology, 53(6): 455–463.

Nikmehr N, Eagderi S, Jalili P. 2016. Osteologi- cal description of Barbus lacerta Heckel, 1843 (Cyprinidae) from Tigris basin of Iran. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 4(4): 473–477.

Rojo AL. 1991. Dictionary of Evolutionary Fish Osteology. CRC Press. 273 p. Sanger TJ, McCune AR. 2002. Comparative osteology of the Danio (Cyprinidae: Osta- riophysi) axial skeleton with comments on Danio relationships based on molecules and morphology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 135(4): 529 – 546.

Skonberg DI, Yogev L, Hardy RW, Dong FM. 1997. Metabolic response to dietary phos- phorus intake in rainbow trout (Oncorhyn- chus mykiss). Aquaculture, 157(1): 11-24.

Sukmono T, Solihin DD, Rahardjo MF, dan Affandi R. 2013. Iktiofauna di perairan hutan tropis dataran rendah, Hutan Harapan Jambi. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 13(2): 161–174. Webb PW. 1975.

Hydrodynamics and energetics of fish propulsion. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 190: 1-159.

Widjaja EA, Rahayuningsih Y, Ubaidillah R, Maryanto I, Rahajoe JS. 2014. Kekinian keanekaragaman hayati Indonesia 2014. LIPI Press. Jakarta.

Yadav KK, Pandit S, Singh SB, Dhanze R. 2018. Comparative osteology of caudal skeleton of some cyprinids from north-east, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6(4): 215-219.

Zulfahmi I, Akmal Y, Batubara AS. 2018. The morphology of Thai mahseer's Tor tambroides (Bleeker, 1854) axial skeleton (ossa vertebrae). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 8(1): 35-44.

Zulfahmi I, Akmal Y, Muliari. 2019. Osteologi Ikan Keureling (Tor tambroides). IPB Press, Bogor. 107 p.

Article Metrics

 10.32491/jii.v20i3.530
   Abstract views: 64   PDF views or download: 13

 

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.