Main Article Content
Plastic wastes in marine environment will be degraded for long period of time to become microplastics. The small size of microplastics could be ingested by marine species which has lead to harmful impacts not only to the marine species but also to human. This research aimed to investigate microplastics ingestion in four commercial fishes in the Bali Strait, namely largehead hairtail (Trichiurus lepturus), Indian scad (Decapterus ruselli), Bali sardinella (Sardinella lemuru), and Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta). Thirty fish samples from each species of fishes were obtained from the fishermen. Microplastics contents were identified visually using microscope from the gastrointestinal tracks of the fish and polymer of microplastics were identified using Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) test. The results showed that three types of microplastics (fiber, film and fragment) were found in the four species of fishes with different total abundances. The highest abundance was found in Bali sardine (7.03±0.49 particle individual-1), followed by Indian mackerel (5.03±0.50 particle individual-1), Indian scad (4.23±0.38 particle individual-1) and largehead hairtail (3.83±0.50 particle individual-1). FTIR test showed that polymer types of microplastic found were polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyamide (PA), polycarbonate (PC), dan polyethylene (PE).
Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia
|Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:|
||Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.|
|b.)||Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.|
|c.)||Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).|
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia by Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (MII) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at https://jurnal-iktiologi.org
Abidin Z, Redjeki S, Ambariyanto A. 2013. Studi kebiasaan makanan ikan layur (Trichiurus lepturus) di perairan Pantai Bandengan Kabupaten Jepara dan di Perairan Tawang Weleri Kabupaten Ken-dal. Journal of Marine Research, 2(3): 95-103.
Alam FC, Sembiring E, Muntalif BS, Suendo V. 2019. Microplastic distribution in surface water and sediment river around slum and industrial area (case study: Ciwalengke River, Majalaya district, Indonesia). Chemosphere, 224: 637–645. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.02.188
Avio CG, Gorbi S, Regoli F. 2017. Plastics and microplastics in the oceans: From emerging pollutants to emerged threat. Marine Environmental Research, 128: 2–11.
Baalkhuyur FM, Bin Dohaish E-JA, Elhalwagy MEA, Alikunhi NM, AlSuwailem AM, Røstad A, Coker DJ, Berumen ML, Duarte CM. 2018. Microplastic in the gastrointestinal tract of fishes along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 131(Part A): 407–415.
Bellas J, Martínez-Armental J, Martínez-Cámara A, Besada V, Martínez-Gómez C. 2016. Ingestion of microplastics by demersal fish from the Spanish Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 109(1): 55–60.
Bessa F, Barria P, Neto JM, Frias JPGL, Otero V, Sobral P, Marques JC. 2018. Occurence of microplastics in commercial fish from a natural estuarine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 128: 575–584.
Chan HSH, Dingle C, Not C. 2019. Evidence for non-selective ingestion of microplastic in demersal fish. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 149: 110523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110523
Claessens M, Meester SD, Landuyt LV, Clerck KD, Janssen CR. 2011. Occurrence and distribution of microplastics in marine sediments along the Belgian coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(10): 2199–2204.
Cole M, Lindeque P, Halsband C, Galloway TS. 2011. Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: A review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62(12): 2588–2597.
Coppock RL, Cole M, Lindeque PK, Queirós AM, Galloway TS. 2017. A small-scale, portable method for extracting microplastics from marine sediments. Environmental Pollution, 230: 829–837.
Cordova MR, Purwiyanto AIS, Suteja Y. 2019. Abundance and characteristics of microplastics in the northern coastal waters of Surabaya, Indonesia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 142: 183–188.
Crawford CB, Quinn B. 2017. Plastic production, waste and legislation. Microplastic Pollutants, 30: 39–56.
Derraik JG. 2002. The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: a review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44(9): 842–852.
Desforges J-PW, Galbraith M, Ross PS. 2015. Ingestion of microplastics by zooplankton in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Archive of Environmental of Contamination and Toxicology, 69(3): 320–330. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-015-0172-5
Eriksen M, Mason S, Wilson S, Box C, Zellers A, Edwards W, Farley H, Amato S. 2013. Microplastic pollution in the surface waters of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 77(1-2): 77–182.
Foley CJ, Feiner ZS, Malinich TD, Höök TO. 2018. A meta-analysis of the effects of exposure to microplastics on fish and aquatic invertebrates. Science of Total Environment, 631–632: 550–559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.03.046
Free CM, Jensen OP, Mason SA, Eriksen M, Williamson NJ, Boldgiv B. 2014. High-levels of microplastic pollution in a large, remote, mountain lake. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 85(1): 156–163.
Galgani F, Hanke G, Maes T. 2015. Global distribution, composition and abundance of marine litter. In: Bergmann M, Gutow L, Klages M. (Eds.). Marine Anthropogenic Litter. Springer International Publishing. London. pp. 29–56.
Garnier Y, Jacob H, Guerra AS, Bertucci F, Lecchini D. 2019. Evaluation of microplastic ingestion by tropical fish from Moorea Island, French Polynesia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 140: 165–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.01.038
Genisa AS. 1999. Pengenalan jenis-jenis ikan laut ekonomis penting di Indonesia. Jurnal Oseana, 24(1): 17-38.
Hastuti AR, Yulianda F, Wardiatno Y. 2014. Spatial distribution of marine debris in mangrove ecosystem of pantai indah kapuk, Jakarta. Bonoworo Wetlands, 4(2): 94-107.
Hidalgo-Ruz V, Gutow L, Thompson RC, Thiel M. 2012. Microplastics in the marine environment: A review of the methods used for identification and quantification. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(6): 3060–3075.
Husrin S, Wisha UJ, Prasetyo R, Putra A, Attamimi A. 2017. Characteristics of marine litters in the west coast of Bali. Jurnal Segara, 13(2): 129-140.
Ivar do Sul JA, Costa MF. 2014. The present and future of microplastic pollution in the marine environment. Environmental Pollu-tion, 185: 352–364.
Jabeen K, Su L, Li J, Yang D, Tong C, Mu J, Shi H. 2017. Microplastics and mesoplas¬tics in fish from coastal and fresh waters of China. Environmental Pollution, 221: 141-149.
Jambeck JR, Geyer R, Wilcox C, Siegler TR, Perryman M, Andrady A, Narayan R, Law KL. 2015. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science, 347(6223): 768–771.
Karbalaei S, Golieskardi A, Hamzah HB, Abdulwahid S, Hanachi P, Walker TR, Karami A. 2019. Abundance and characteristics of microplastics in commercial marine fish from Malaysia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 148: 5–15.
Kasmi M, Hadi S, Kantun W. 2018. Biologi reproduksi ikan kembung lelaki, Rastreliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816) di perairan pesisir Takalar, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 17: 259–271. https://doi.org/10.32491/jii.v17i3.364
Kusumastuti A. 2011. Pengenalan pola gelombang khas dengan interpolasi. Jurnal Matematika Murni dan Aplikasi, 2 (1): 7-12.
Lithner D, Larsson Å, Dave G. 2011. Environmental and health hazard ranking and assessment of plastic polymers based on chemical composition. Science of Total Environment, 409(18): 3309–3324. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.04.038
Lusher AL, McHugh M, Thompson RC. 2013. Occurrence of microplastics in the gastrointestinal tract of pelagic and demersal fish from the English Channel. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 67(1−2): 94–99.
Manalu AA, Hariyadi S, Wardiatno Y. 2017. Microplastics abundance in coastal sediments of Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation, 10(5): 1164-1173.
Masura J, Baker J, Foster G, Arthur C, Herring C. 2015. Laboratory methods for analysis of microplastics in the marine environment: recommendations for quantifying synthetic particles in waters and sediments. NOAA Marine Debris Program National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration US De-partment of Commerce, (Technical Memo-randum NOS-OR&R-48), p.1.
McCormick A, Hoellein TJ, Mason SA, Schluep J, Kelly JJ. 2014. Microplastic is an abundant and distinct microbial habitat in an urban river. Environmental Science & Technolology, 48(20): 11863–11871.
McGoran AR, Clark PF, Morritt D. 2017. Presence of microplastic in the digestive tracts of European flounder (Platichthys flesus) and European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus) from the River Thames. Environmental Pollution, 220(Part A): 744-751.
Miranda D de A, de Carvalho-Souza GF. 2016. Are we eating plastic-ingesting fish? M
Moore CJ. 2008. Synthetic polymers in the marine environment: A rapidly increasing, long-term threat. Environmental Research, 108(2): 131–139.
Muchlis N, Prihatingsih. 2015. Aspek biologi reproduksi ikan layur, Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus 1758 di Palabuhanratu, In: Ra-hardjo MF, Zahid A, Hadiaty RK, Mangkalangi E, Hadie W, Haryono, Su-priyono E, (Eds.). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Ikan Ke 8. Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia, Bogor, pp. 257–264.
Neves D, Sobral P, Ferreira JL, Pereira T. 2015. Ingestion of microplastics by commercial fish off the Portuguese coast. Marine Pollu-tion Bulletin, 101(1): 119–126.
Nie H, Wang J, Xu K, Huang Y, Yan M. 2019. Microplastic pollution in water and fish samples around Nanxun Reef in Nansha Islands, South China Sea. Science of Total Environment, 696: 134022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134022
Nor NHM, Obbard JP. 2014. Microplastics in Singapore’s coastal mangrove ecosystems. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 79(1-2): 278–283.
Peters CA, Bratton SP. 2016. Urbanization is a major influence on microplastic ingestion by sunfish in the Brazos River Basin, Central Texas, USA. Environmental Pollu-tion, 210: 380–387.
Poojary N, Tiwari LR, Jaiswar AK. 2010. Food and feeding habits of the Indian scad, Decapterus russelli (Ruppell, 1830) from Mumbai waters, north-west coast of India. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 57(4): 93–99.
Pruter AT. 1987. Source, quantities and distribution of persistent plastics in the marine environtment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 18(6): 305–310.
Rochman CM, Tahir A, Williams SL, Baxa DV, Lam R, Miller JT, Teh F, Werorilangi S, Teh SJ. 2015. Anthropogenic debris in seafood: plastic debris and fibers from textiles in fish and bivalves sold for human consumption. Nature Science Report, 1–10.
Romeo T, Pietro B, Pedà C, Consoli P, Andaloro F, Fossi MC. 2015. First evidence of presence of plastic debris in stomach of large pelagic fish in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 95(1): 358–361.
Sartimbul A, Nakata H, Rohadi E, Yusuf B, Kadarisman HP. 2010. Variations in chlorophyll-a concentration and the impact on Sardinella lemuru catches in Bali Strait, Indonesia. Progress in Oceanography, 87(1-4): 168–174.
Septian FM, Purba NP, Agung MUK, Yuliadi LPS, Akuan LF, Mulyani PG. 2018. Sebaran spasial mikroplastik di sedimen Pantai Pangandaran, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Geomaritim Indonesia, 1(1): 1–8.
Suniada KI, Susilo E. 2018. Keterkaitan kondisi oseanografi dengan perikanan pelagis di perairan Selat Bali. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia, 23(4): 275–286. https://doi.org/10.15578/jppi.23.4.2017.275-286
Utami MNF, Redjeki S, Supriyantini E. 2014. Komposisi isi lambung ikan kembung lelaki (Rastrelliger kanagurta) di Rembang. Journal of Marine Research, 3(2) 99–106.
White WC. 2007. Butadiene production process overview. Chemico-biological interactions, 166(1-3): 10–14.
Woodall LC, Sanchez-Vidal A, Canals M, Paterson GLJ, Coppock R, Sleight V, Calafat A, Rogers AD, Narayanaswam BE, Thompson RC. 2014. The deep sea is a major sink for microplastic debris. Royal Society Open Science, 1: 140317. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.140317
Yona D, Sari SHJ, Iranawati F, Bachri S, Ayuningtyas WC. 2019. Microplastics in the surface sediments from the eastern waters of Java Sea, Indonesia. F1000Research, 8: 98