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Adam Robisalmi
Kartiawati Alipin
Bambang Gunadi


Red tilapia is a one of the economically important fish species. In order to increase growth and feed efficiency, feed restriction strategies can be carried out. This study aims to determine the effect of periodic (weekly) restriction of feed on compensatory growth and physiological responses of red tilapia during the enlargement phase. The activity was carried out at the Fish Breeding Research Center for 4 months. The research method used a completely randomized design (CRD) 4 treatments with 3 replications, namely control (fish were fed daily), 1 (1 fasting day a week), 2 (2 fasting days a week), and 3 (3 fasting days  a week). Fish rearing was conducted on the concrete tub measuring 2 x 1 x 0.8 m3 with a stocking density of 10 fish m-2. During the maintenance period of 120 days the fish were fed satiation twice a day. The results showed significant differences (P <0.05) in the value of weight growth, specific growth rate, daily growth and feed conversion ratio between control and other treatments, but not significantly different from treatment S1. The highest survival value was indicated by S1 treatment. The blood faal values of fish that were given feed restrictions consisting of red blood cells, white blood cells, hematocrit and hemoglobin showed that there was not significantly different than control fish (P> 0.05), which was at normal values. Restriction of feed to 1 day a week showed partial compensatory growth with better feed efficiency than fish fed daily.


Ikan nila merah merupakan salah satu jenis ikan yang memiliki nilai ekonomis tinggi. Peningkatan pertumbuhan dan efisiensi pakan dapat dilakukan dengan strategi pembatasan pakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan pengaruh pembatasan dan pemberian pakan kembali secara berkala (setiap minggu) terhadap pertumbuhan kompensatori dan kondisi fisiologis ikan nila merah selama fase pembesaran. Kegiatan dilakukan di Balai Riset Pemuliaan Ikan selama 4 bulan. Metode penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap 4 perlakuan dengan 3 kali ulangan yaitu kontrol (ikan diberi pakan setiap hari), 1 (1 hari puasa dalam seminggu), 2 (2 hari puasa dalam seminggu), dan 3 (3 hari puasa dalam seminggu). Pemeliharaan dilakukan pada bak beton ukuran 2 x 1 x 0,8 m3 dengan padat tebar 10 ekor m-2. Selama masa pemeliharan 120 hari ikan diberi pakan secara satiasi dua kali sehari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perbedaan nyata (P<0,05) pada nilai pertumbuhan bobot, laju pertumbuhan spesifik, pertumbuhan harian dan nisbah konversi pakan antara kontrol dengan perlakuan lainnya, namun tidak berbeda nyata dengan perlakuan 1. Adapun nilai sintasan tertinggi ditunjukkan perlakuan 1. Nilai faal darah ikan yang diberi pembatasan pakan terdiri sel darah merah, sel darah putih, hematokrit dan hemoglobin menunjukkan hasil yang tidak berbeda nyata dibandingkan ikan kontrol (P>0,05) yaitu berada pada nilai normal. Pembatasan pakan 1 hari dalam seminggu menunjukkan pertumbuhan kompensatori parsial dengan efisiensi pakan yang lebih baik dibanding ikan yang diberi pakan setiap hari.

feed restriction; compensatory growth; blood physiology; red tilapia;

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