Main Article Content


Friesland Tuapetel
Delly DP Matrutty
Welem Waileruny


The waters surrounding Ambon Island is a potential fishing gound for demersal fish resources, yet information regarding species diversity is still slightly understood. This research aimed to analyze the diversity of species and size of demersal fish around Ambon Island oceans. Data was collected based on experimental fishing using fish trap at two locations, in northern and southern waters of Ambon Island. The data were collected by experimental capture using fishing gear at two locations, namely northern waters (March-April 2015) and south of Ambon Island (July-October 2016). Methods of demersal resource diversity analysis are several ecological indexes i.e. Shannon-Wiener diversity index, Pielou uniformity index, and Simpson's dominance index. The result showed that 21 family and 57 species with details of 35 species in the northern waters and 32 species in the southern water. Species diversity based on Shannon-Wiener Index (H´) ranged between 1,61-3,10 while species evenness index (E) was around 0,83-0,95. The abundance of demersal fish was not dominated by any fish species, showed by the average Simpson index of dominant (D) around 0,05-0,26.AbstrakPerairan Pulau Ambon termasuk daerah penangkapan sumber daya ikan demersal yang potensial, namun informasi ke-anekaragamannya masih sangat sedikit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kekayaan jenis dan keanekara-gaman ikan demersal di perairan Pulau Ambon. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan cara penangkapan eksperimental dengan menggunakan alat tangkap bubu pada dua lokasi yakni perairan utara (Maret-April 2015) dan perairan selatan Pulau Ambon (Juli-Oktober 2016). Metode  analisis keanekaragaman sumber daya ikan demersal menggunakan bebe-rapa indeks ekologi yakni indeks keanekaragaman Shannon-Wiener, indeks keseragaman Pielou, dan indeks dominansi Simpson.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di perairan Pulau Ambon teridentifikasi 21 famili dan 57 spesies de-ngan rincian 35 spesies di perairan utara dan 32 spesies di perairan selatan. Status keanekaragaman jenis indeks Shannon-Wiener (H´) berkisar 1,61-3,10 sedangkan indeks keseragaman jenis (E) sebesar 0,83-0,95. Kelimpahan ikan demersal tidak ada yang dominan, ditunjukkan oleh indeks dominan Simpson (D) sebesar 0,05-0,26. 

demersal fish , diversity , depth , Ambon Island , size

Downloads article

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia

  Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:  
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.  
  b.) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.  
  c.) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).  
  Creative Commons License
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia by Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (MII) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at



Asriyana, Rahardjo MF, Djamartumpal F, Lumban Batu, Endi S. Kartamihardja 2011. Komposisi jenis dan ukuran ikan petek (Famili Leiognathidae) di Perairan Teluk Kendari Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 11 (1): 11-19.
Ellis JR, Rogers SI, Freeman SM. 2000. Demersal assemblages in the Irish Sea, St George's channel and Bristol channel. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 51(3), 299-315.
Gutiérrez‐Estrada JC, Vasconcelos R, Costa MJ. 2008. Estimating fish community diversity from environmental features in the Tagus estuary (Portugal): multiple linear regression and artificial neural network approaches. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 24(2), 150-162.
Hukom, FD 2010. Keanekaragaman dan kelimpahan sumberdaya ikan di Teluk Klabat, Perairan Bangka Belitung. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 10 (1): 11-23.
Jackson DA, Peres-Neto PR, Olden JD. 2001. What controls who is where in freshwater fish communities the roles of biotic, abiotic, and spatial factors. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 58(1), 157-170.
Magnussen E. 2002. Demersal fish assemblages of Faroe Bank: species composition, distribution, biomass spectrum and diversity. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 238, 211-225.
Matrutty DDP, Waileruny W, Noya D. 2017. Fishing ground distribution of deep sea demersal fish in South Coast of Ambon, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 2017, Volume 10, Issue 1
Menezes GM, Sigler MF, Silva HM, and Pinho MR. 2006. Structure and zonation of demersal fish assemblages off the Azores Archipelago (mid-Atlantic). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 324, 241-260.
Mittelbach GG, Steiner CF, Scheiner SM, Gross KL, Reynolds HL, Waide RB, ... & Gough L. 2001. What is the observed relationship between species richness and productivity?. Ecology, 82(9), 2381-2396.
Mulyadi E, Saptoyo J, Nuryadi, Tofani A. 2005. Identifikasi Sumberdaya ikan demersal di perairan perbatasan Timur Kalimantan, Laporan teknis intern, BPPI, Semarang. 36 hal.
Nakabō T (Ed.). 2002. Fishes of Japan: with pictorial keys to the species (Vol. 1). Tokai University Press.
Novaczek I, Sopacua J, Harkes I. 2001. Fisheries management in Central Maluku, Indonesia, 1997–98. Marine Policy, 25(3), 239-249.
Perangin-angin R, Sulistiono, Kurnia R, Fahrudin A, Suman A. 2017. Struktur komunitas sumberdaya ikan demersal berdasarkan kedalaman perairan di Laut Cina Selatan (WPP_NRI 711). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 17 (1): 67-82.
Rahmat B. 2007. Keanekaragaman dan pendugaan kepadatan stok ikan demersal dengan menggunakan metode sapuan di perairan Aru-Propinsi Maluku, Tesis Pasca S arjana, Fakultas Matematika dan I lmu Pengetahuan Alam, Univ. Indonesia.
Romeo T, Consoli P, Battaglia P, Andaloro F. 2014. A support to manage the swordfish (Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758) IUUF (illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing): an easy method to identify the legal size. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30(1), 114-116.
Sihasale DA. 2013. Keanekaragaman Hayati Di Kawasan Pantai Kota Ambon Dan Konsekuensi Untuk Pengembangan Pariwisata Pesisir. Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies, 1(1), 20-27.
Spellerberg IF, Fedor PJ. 2003. A tribute to Claude Shannon (1916–2001) and a plea for more rigorous use of species richness, species diversity and the ‘Shannon–Wiener’Index. Global ecology and biogeography, 12(3), 177-179.
Stirling G, Wilsey B. 2001. Empirical relationships between species richness, evenness, and proportional diversity. The American Naturalist, 158(3), 286-299.
Suprapto. 2008. Indeks keanekaragaman hayati ikan demersal di perairan Arafura, Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia 14 (3). 12 hal.
Suprapto, B Sumiono, A Suman, Wedjatmiko, T Ernawati, DD. Kembaren, A Damora, P Lestari, B Sadhotomo, Nurulludin, M Rijal, R Setiawan, A Diatmoko, A Surahman & Suwardi. 2012. Penelitian stok dan p en gusaha an sumb er d a ya ud ang p e naeid d an krustasea lainnya di WPP 713 Selat Makasar, Laut Flores dan Teluk Bone, Laporan Tahunan, Balai Penelitian Perikanan Laut, Jakarta. 75 hal.
Suprapto. 2014. Indeks keanekaragaman jenis ikan demersal di Perairan Tarakan. Bawal Vol 6 (1) April 2014. Hal 41-46.
Wilsey BJ, Potvin C. 2000. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: importance of species evenness in an old field. Ecology, 81(4), 887-892.
Adrim, M., Harahap, S. A., & Wibowo, K. (2012). Struktur Komunitas Ikan Karang di Perairan Kendari (Community Structure of Coral Reef Fishes at Kendari Waters). ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences, 17(3), 154-163.