Ichthyofauna of Alas River, around Soraya Research Station, Leuser Ecosystem Area, Subulussalam, Aceh


Furqan Maghfiriadi, Ilham Zulfahmi, Epa Paujiah, M. Ali Sarong
 DOI  https://doi.org/10.32491/jii.v19i3.502

Abstract

The ichthyofaunal study is needed to reveal the diversity of fish, investigate the existence of native and introduced fish, inventory some species that are potential as consumed and ornamental fishes, and to be a part of the effort to find new species. This study aimed to determine the composition of freshwater fish in the Alas River around Soraya Research Station, Leuser Ecosystem Area, Subulussalam, Aceh. Research was conducted from July to September 2018. Fish sampling was carried out at six research stations using selective gill nets, throwing net, hook, tray net, and scoop net. A total of 339 individual’s fish belonging to 20 species, eight families and three orders was collected from sampling location. Cyprinidae was the predominant family found in the Alas River. As many of 16 fish species has the potential as consumption fish. Two introduced fishes were collected, namely tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and Amazon sailfin catfish (Pterygoplichthys pardalis). One fish species is thought to have the potential as a new species, i.e. catfish (Hemibagrus sp.). The result of this study can be used as a basic data for policy decision making in order to develop management program of Leuser ecosystem in the future.

Keywords

Cyprinidae; diversity; ichthyofauna; introduction fish; ornamental fish

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdurahim A, Wargasasmita S, Soewelo IS. 2004. Kelimpahan dan sebaran longitu-dinal ikan-ikan di Sungai Cidanau, Ban-ten. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 4(2): 57-60.

Allen G, Coates D, Kaiola P, Burgess W. 1990. Studies on freshwater fishes of New Guinea and Northern Australia. Western Australian Museum. 206 p.

Brinda S, Srinivasan M, Balakrishnan S. 2010. Studies on diversity of fin fish larvae in Vellar Estuary, southeast coast of India. World Journal of Fish and Marine Scien-ces, 2(1): 44-50.

Chalar G. 2009. The use of phytoplankton pat-terns of diversity for algal bloom mana-gement. Limnologica, 39(3): 200-208.

Chovanec A, Hofer R, Schiemer F. 2003. Fish as bioindicators. In: Markert BA, Breure AM, Zechmeister HG (eds). Bioindica-tors and biomonitors: principles, concept and applications. Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp 639-676.

Consortium SAFEGE. 2014. An appraisal of the Aceh Provincial spatial plan and options for review specific. Contract No: 2014/ 349451. Consortium SAFEGE, Brussels, Belgium.

Darwall WRT, Vie J-C. 2005. Identifying im-portant sites for conservation of fresh-water biodiversity: extending the species-based approach. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 12(5): 287-293.

Defira CN, Muchlisin ZA. 2004. Populasi Ikan di Sungai Alas Stasiun Penelitian Soraya Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser Simpang Kiri Kabupaten Aceh Singkil, Jurnal Ilmiah MIPA, 7(1): 61-67.

Djufri. 2015. Ekosistem Leuser di Provinsi Aceh sebagai laboratorium alam yang menyimpan kekayaan biodiversitas untuk diteliti dalam rangka pencarian bahan baku obat-obatan. In: Setyawan AD, Sugiyarto, Pitoyo A, Sutomo, Widiastuti A, Windarsih G, Supatmi (eds.). Prosi-ding Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Bio-diversitas Indonesia, 1(7): 1543-1552.

Dudgeon D, Arthington AH, Gessner MO, Ka-wabata ZI, Knowler DJ, Lévêque C, Naiman RJ, Prieur-Richard AH, Soto D, Stiassny MLJ, Sullivan CA. 2006. Fresh-water biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Bio-logical Reviews, 81(2): 163-182.

Elfidasari D, Qoyyimah FD, Fahmi MR, Puspi-tasari RL. 2016. Variasi ikan sapu-sapu (Loricariidae) berdasarkan karakter mor-fologi di perairan Ciliwung. Jurnal Al-Azhar Indonesia Seri Sains dan Tekno-logi, 3(4): 221-225.

Froese R, Pauly D (eds.). 2019. Fishbase. World wide web electronic publication. www. fishbase.org. version (08/2019).

Hadiaty RK. 2005. Keanekaragaman jenis ikan di Suaq Belimbing dan Ketambe, Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser, Provinsi Nang-groe Aceh Darussalam. Jurnal Biologi Indonesia, 3(9): 379-388.

Hadiaty RK. 2011. Diversitas dan hilangnya jenis-jenis ikan di Sungai Ciliwung dan Sungai Cisadane. Berita Biologi, 10(4): 491-504.

Hadiaty RK, Sauri S. 2017. Iktiofauna air tawar Pulau Enggano, Indonesia. Jurnal Iktio-logi Indonesia, 17(3): 273-287.

Hadiaty RK, Rahardjo MF, Allen GR. 2019. Iktiofauna di pulau-pulau kecil dan te-rumbu karang serta jenis-jenis baru ikan air tawar di perairan Indonesia. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 19(1): 167-186.

Harrison TD, Whitfield AK. 2006. Tempera-ture and salinity as primary determinants influencing the biogeography of fishes in South African estuaries. Estuarine, Coas-tal and Shelf Science, 66(1-2): 335-345.

Haryono. 2006. Iktiofauna di Danau Semayang-Melintang kawasan Mahakam Tengah, Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Iktiologi Indo-nesia, 6(1): 75-78.

Kail J, Brabec K, Poppe M, Januschke, K. 2015. The effect of river restoration on fish, macroinvertebrates and aquatic macro-phytes: a meta-analysis. Ecological Indi-cators, 58: 311-321.

Kottelat M, Whitten AJ, Kartikasari SN, Wirjo-atmodjo S. 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Peri-plus Edition Ltd., Hong Kong. 221 p.

Laffaille P, Acou A, Gullouet J, Legault A. 2005. Temporal change in European eel, Anguilla anguilla, stock in a small catch-ment after installation of fish passes. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 12(2): 123-129.

Lepori F, Palm D, Brännäs E, Malmqvist B. 2005. Does restoration of structural he-terogeneity in streams enhance fish and macroinvertebrate diversity? Ecological Applications, 15(6): 2060-2071.

Muchlisin ZA. 2013. Potency of freshwater fishes in Aceh waters as a basis for aqua-culture development program. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 13(1): 91-96.

Nicolas D, Lobry J, Le Pape O, Boët P. 2010. Functional diversity in European estua-ries: relating the composition of fish assemblages to the abiotic environment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 88(3): 329-338.

Novak V, Santodomingo N, Rösler A, Di Mar-tino E, Braga JC, Taylor PD, Johnson KG, Renema W. 2013. Environmental reconstruction of a late Burdigalian (Mio-cene) patch reef in deltaic deposits (East Kalimantan, Indonesia). Palaeogeogra-phy, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,

: 110-122.

Paujiah E, Solihin DD, Affandi R. 2013. Struk-tur trofik komunitas ikan di Sungai Cisa-dea Kabupaten Cianjur, Jawa Barat. Jur-nal Iktiologi Indonesia, 13(2): 133-143.

Payne AI. 1986. The ecology of tropical lakes and rivers. John Wiley & Sons, Chister. 301 pp.

Pielou EC. 1975. Ecological diversity. John Wiley & Sons. New York. 165 p.

Rachmatika I. 2004. Fish fauna of the Gunung Halimun National Park, West Java. Bina-mitra, Jakarta. 126 p.

Saanin H. 1984. Taksonomi dan kunci identifi-kasi ikan 1. Binacipta. Jakarta. 245 pp.

Sarkar UK, Pathak AK, Lakra WS 2008. Con-servation of freshwater fish resources of India: new approaches, assessment and challenges, Biodiversity and Conserva-tion, 17(10): 2495-2511.

Simanjuntak CPH, Sulistiono, Rahardjo MF, Zahid A. 2011. Iktiodiversitas di Perairan Teluk Bintuni, Papua Barat. Jurnal Iktio-logi Indonesia, 11(2): 107-126.

Sukmono T, Solihin DD, Rahardjo MF, Affandi R. 2013. Iktiofauna di perairan hutan tropis dataran rendah, Hutan Harapan Jambi. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 13(2): 161-174.

Tan HH, Kottelat M. 2009. The fishes of the Batang Hari drainage, Sumatra, with des-cription of six new species. Ichthyologi-cal Exploration of Freshwaters, 20(1): 13-69.

Wirjoatmodjo S. 1987. The river ecosystem in the forest area at Ketambe, Gunung Leuser National Park, Aceh, Indonesia. Advances in Limnology, 28: 239-246.

Yuanda MA, Dhahiyat Y, Herawati T. 2012. Struktur komunitas ikan di hulu Sungai Cimanuk Kabupaten Garut. Jurnal Pe-rikanan dan Kelautan, 3(3): 229-236.

Article Metrics

 10.32491/jii.v19i3.502
   Abstract views: 102   PDF views or download: 37

 

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.