Length weight relationship, growth parameter, and condition factor of caroun croaker Johnius carouna (Cuvier, 1830) in the Southern waters of Java


Ria Faizah, Regi Fiji Anggawangsa
 DOI  https://doi.org/10.32491/jii.v19i2.480

Abstract

Caroun croaker (Johnius carouna) is one of demersal fishes which are commonly caught in the south of Java waters. This fish captured by trammel net, gillnet, danish seine and mini trawl. This study aims to determine length and weight relationship, growth parameter, length frequency distribution and condition factors of croaker fish caught in the south of Java waters.   This study was conducted from January-December 2015 at the Cilacap Ocean Fisheries Port, Central Java. Data collected was total length (TL in mm) and weight (W in g) of caroun croacker fish.  A total of 2141 of Caroun croaker was caught by mini trawl during the sampling periods. The result showed that the size of croaker fish caught by mini trawl ranged between 85-225 mm with an average was 143.7 mm. Length and weight relationship expressed by equation of W = 0.0062 TL3.2889 ( R2 = 0.9443). The growth pattern of croaker fish was allometric positive. The Von Bertalanffy growth equation of caroun croacker fish in south of Java waters was Lt =155 (1 - e -0.9(t+0.2127)) with the asymptotic length (L∞) =155  mm, growth coefficient (K) = 0.9 per year and the theoretical age croaker fish that was equal to (t0) = - 0,2127.

Keywords

johnius carouna; condition factor; growth parameter; length and weight relationship; South of Java Waters

Full Text:

PDF

References

Amri K, Restiangsih YH. 2015. Kondisi oseano-grafi (suhu permukaan laut dan klorofil-A) perairan Laut Cina Selatan berdasar-kan data multitemporal. Bunga Rampai Status Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Ikan di Perairan Laut Cina Selatan (WPP-NRI 711). 279 p

Anggraeni SN, Solichin A, Widyorini N. 2016. Aspek biologi ikan tigawaja (Johnius sp.) yang didaratkan di Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai (PPP) Tawang Kabupaten Kendal. Diponegoro Journal of Maquares, 5(4): 461-467

Asriyana, Rahardjo MF, Lumban Batu DTF, Kartamihardja ES. 2010. Pertumbuhan ikan tembang, Sardinella fimbriata Valenciennes (Pisces: Clupeidae) di perairan Teluk Kendari. In: Djumanto E, Chasanah HE, Irianto H, Saksono IYB, Lelana, Triyanto, Ustadi (Penyunting). Prosiding Seminar Tahunan VII Hasil Penelitian Perikanan dan Kelautan Tahun 2010. Kerjasama Faperta UGM dan BBRPPB Kelautan dan Perikanan BRKP. Yogyakarta. BI-09:1-10.

Bal DV, Rao KV. 1984. Marine Fisheries. Part 1: Methodology in Fisheries Biology. Tata McGraw Hill Com. Ltd. New Delhi: 212 p

Booth D, Alquezar R. 2002. Food supplemen-tation increases larval growth, condition and survival of Acanthochromis polya-canthus. Journal of Fish Biology, 60(5): 1126-1133.

Brash JM, Fennessy ST. 2005. A preliminary investigation of age and growth of Otolithes ruber from Kwa Zula-Natal, South Africa. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 4(1): 21-28.

Csirke J. 1980. Recruitment in the Peruvian anchovy and its dependence on the adult population. Rapports et Proces-Verbaux des Reunions. Centro de Investigaciones de la Economía Mundial. 177: 307-313.

Dahlan MA, Omar SBA, Tresnati J, Nur M, Umar MT. 2015. Beberapa aspek repro-duksi ikan layang deles (Decapterus macrosoma Bleeker, 1851) yang tertang-kap dengan bagan perahu di perairan Ka-bupaten Barru, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Peri-kanan. 2(3): 218-227

Effendie MI. 2002. Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama.Yogyakarta. 163 hlm

Gayanilo Jr FC, Sparre P, Pauly, D. 2005. The FAO-ICLARM Stock Assessment Tools II (FiSAT II). Revised version. User's guide. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 8, Revised version. Rome, FAO. 168p.

Gislason H. 1985. A short note on the available infonnation about demersal fish on the shallow part of the Sofala Bank, Institute de Investigacao Pesqueira. Revista de Investigação Pesqueira Maputo, 13: 83-95.

Gislason H., M.I. Sousa. 1985. Biology, stock size and catch of small pelagic fish along the coast of Mozambique. Revista de Investigação Pesqueira Maputo, 13: 27-81.

Griffiths MH. 1996. Age and growth of South African Silver kob Argyrosomus inodorus (Sciaenidae), with evidence for separate stocks. South Africa Journal of Marine Science, 17 (1): 37-48.

Hofer R, Krewedl G, Koch F. 1985. An energy budget for an omnivorous cyprinid: Rutilus rutilus (L.). Hydrobiologia, 122(1): 53-59.

King M. 2007. Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. Second edition. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Oxford, 341 p.

Kottelat M, Whitten AJ, Kartikasari SN, Wirjo-tmodjo S. 1993. Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Edisi Dwi Bahasa Inggris-Indonesia. Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. 239 p

Le Cren, E.D. 1951. The length-weight relation-ship and seasonal cycles In gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluvi-atilis). Journal of Animal Ecology 20: 201-219

Longhurst A, Pauly D. 1987. Ecology of Tro-pical Oceans. Academic Press, San Diego, 407 p.

Manik N. 2009. Hubungan panjang berat dan faktor kondisi ikan layang (Decapterus russelli) dari perairan sekitar Teluk Liku-pang Sulawesi Utara. Bitung. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia, 35(1): 65-74

Mandal B. 2006. Population dynamics of Johnius gangeticus Talwar from Estu-arine Region of Kakdwip, West Bengal. Thesis. West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences. 67 p.

Mote N. 2018. Pola pertumbuhan dan tingkat kematangan gonad ikan gulamah (Nibea soldado) di Muara Sungai Kumbe Kabupaten Merauke. In Hamidah S, Rumondang, Arynu Y, Widarma A, Yusuf M, Anim (Editor). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Multidisiplin Ilmu Universitas Asahan 2018. Kerjasama Universitas Negeri Asahan dan Institut Teknologi Medan. Kisaran. pp. 324-330

Muchlisin ZA, Musman M., Siti Azizah MN. 2010. Keanekaragaman ikan air tawar di Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD), Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Fisheries, 3(1): 1-9.

Pauly D. 1980. On the interrelationships between natural mortality, growth parameters and mean environmental temperature in 175 fish stocks. Journal Conseil International Exploration de la Mer 39(2): 175-192.

Pauly D. 1984. Some simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. (234): 52p.

Pelabuhan Perikanan Samudera (PPS) Cilacap. 2015. Statistik Pelabuhan Perikanan Samudra Cilacap. Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan.

Phillip KP, Mathew K. 1996. Length-weight relationship and relative condition factor in Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskal). Fishery Technology, 33(2): 79-83.

Prianto E, Suryanti KS. 2009. Kebiasaan makan dan hubungan panjang bobot ikan gulamo keken (Johnius belangerii) di estuari Sungai Musi. Bawal, 2(6): 257-263

Rahardjo MF, Simanjuntak, CPH. 2008. Hu-bungan panjang bobot dan faktor kondisi ikan tetet, Johnius belangerii (Pisces: Sciaenidae) di perairan pantai Mayangan, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia, 15(2): 135-140.

Ramcharitar J, Gannon DP, Popper AN. 2006. Bioacoustics of fishes of the Family Sciaenidae (croakers and drums). Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 135 (5): 1409–1431.

Restiangsih YH, Noegroho T, Wagiyo K. 2016. Beberapa aspek biologi ikan tenggiri pa-pan (Scomberomorus guttatus) di Perair-an Cilacap dan Sekitarnya. Bawal, 8(3): 191-198

Ricker WE. 1975. Computation and interpre-tation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 191: 203-233

Robins CR, Bailey RM, Bond CE, Brooker JR, Lachner EA, Lea RN, Scott WB. 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society Special Publications 21. 243 p

Saputra SW, Rudiyanti S, Mardhini, A. 2008. Evaluasi tingkat eksploitasi sumberdaya ikan gulamah (Johnius sp.) berdasarkan data TPI PPS Cilacap. Jurnal Saintek Perikanan, 4(1): 56-61

Sasaki K.1995. A. review of the Indo-West Pacific Scaenid genus Panna (Teleostei, Perciformes). Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 42(1) : 27-37

Sasmita S, Pebruwantia N, Fitrania I. 2018. Distribusi ukuran ikan teri hasil tang-kapan jaring puring di Perairan Pulo-lampes, Kabupaten Brebes Jawa Tengah. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science. 2(2): 95-102

Seah YG, Chua YN, Sam CW. 2016. Length–weight relationships of seven fish species from a fish landing port at Sungai Udang, Penang, Malaysia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 32(6): 1353-1355

Siagian G, Wahyuningsih H, Barus T. 2017. Struktur populasi ikan gulamah (Johnius trachycephalus P.) di Sungai Barumun Kabupaten Labuhan Batu Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Biosains, 3(2): 59-65

Simanjuntak CPH, Rahardjo MF. 2001. Kebia-saan makanan ikan tetet (Johnius belangerii) di perairan mangrove pantai Mayangan, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 1(2): 11-17.

Sparre P, Venema SC. 1999. Introduksi Pengka-jian Stok Ikan Tropis. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan. Terjemah-an dari Introduction to Tropical fish stock assessment. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. 306(1): 376 p.

Syahrir MR. 2013. Kajian pertumbuhan bebe-rapa jenis ikan di Perairan Pesisir Kabupaten Kutai Timur. Jurnal Ilmu Perikanan tropis, 19(1) : 8-13

Upasit D. 2017. Reproductive biology of Johnius carouna (Cuvier, 1830) off the Coast of Songkhla Province. Thaksin University Journal, 20(3): 43-50

World Geodetic System. 1984. National Geo-spatial-Intelligence Agency. WGS 84 (G1674)

Article Metrics

 10.32491/jii.v19i2.480
   Abstract views: 147   PDF views or download: 43

 

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.