Performance of three generations of Asian redtail catfish Hemibagrus nemurus (Valenciennes, 1840) domestication result of nursery phase one


Irin Iriana Kusmini, Deni Radona
 DOI  https://doi.org/10.32491/jii.v19i2.476

Abstract

In order to the success of domestication programs of Asian redtail catfish is necessary to evaluate the level of change in each generation produced. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of growth and survival rate on three populations from each generation spawned of Asian redtail catfish (G-1, G-2 and G-3). The study was conducted experimentally used completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 treatments and 3 replications from May to July 2017. The origin of the post larvae of Asian redtail catfish was the modified seeds from mass spawning of Asian redtail catfish of Cirata population. G-1 was the population resulted from the spawning of the oldest broodstock, G-2 was a population resulted from spawning  of the first generation broodstock and G-3 was the resulted from spawning of the second generation broodstock. Spawning process was conducted in the same time. The age of the seeds was one week old after hatching with total length of 0.8-1.0 cm and body weight of 0.0082 ± 0.0001 g. The Asian redtail catfish seeds were reared in the aquarium with dimension of 70 cm 50 cm x 40 cm and equipped with recirculation system. Each aquarium was stocked seed with a density of  2,000 individual 100 L-1 of water. During rearing process (15 days), fish were fed at satiation with frequency of three times per day.  Feed was adjusted to mouth opening of larvae. Initially, larvae on 1 to 7 days of rearing process were fed with artemia and after that fed with tubifex. The result showed that the highest growth and survival rate performance (P<0.05) were obtained in Asian redtail catfish seed (G-3) with a value of 1.64 ± 0.02 cm and 53.42 ± 8.86%, respectively. Postlarvae of Asian redtail catfish from third generaton of domesticated (G-3) can increase fish productivity.

Keywords

asian redtail catfish; domestication; performance; survival; generation

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