Performance of the third generation striped catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus Sauvage, 1878 as results of the selection for bodyweight character in Freshwater Aquaculture Fisheries Center, Sungai Gelam, Jambi


Irwan Irwan, Dinar Tri Soelistyowati, Odang Carman, Ronny Rachman Noor
 DOI  https://doi.org/10.32491/jii.v19i3.469

Abstract

Selective breeding of striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus Sauvage, 1878) has been conducted at BPBAT Sungai Gelam to produce a growth line with mass selection method. Until 2018, the selective breeding program has produced three generations. Therefore, it was necessary to evaluate the performance of the third generation growth line (G3Ps) at the reproductive, seed and grow-out phase compared to the second generation the base population (G2Ds). A total of 10 pairs of broodstock (G3Ps and G2Ds) were spawned then the seeds were raised for 120 days in the media with regular water exchange (first treatment: T1) and without water exchange (second treatment: T2). The results showed that the number of eggs per gram of G3Ps (1600±124 eggs g-1) was significantly different from G2Ds (1490±101 eggs g-1). The bodyweight of G3Ps seeds at aged 40 days larger than G2Ds with selection response is 32.25%, while survival and feed efficiency were not significantly different. At the grow-out phase, between treat-ments were not significantly different and there was no interaction between lines and treatments for all the characters measured (p>0.05). The bodyweight of G3Ps was larger than the G2Ds with response selection 18.41% in T1 and 42.6% in T2. The control used was the base population so that the selection response obtained was an accumulation of three generations. Thus the selection response per generation was 6.14% in T1 and 14.20% in T2 measured at 162 days from hatching. It can be concluded that there is an improvement in the character of bodyweight for the third generation of growth line (G3Ps) as results of the selection at BPBAT Sungai Gelam both in good (T1) and bad environment (T2).

Keywords

growth line; mass selection; performance; selection response

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