Main Article Content


Didik Wahju Hendro Tjahjo
Sri Endah Purnamaningtyas


Development of fish culture in float net cages in Cirata Reservoir was very fast so overstep the amount that permitted. The activities had impacted at growth of fish community. Those resulted of exploiting of food resources potency available was not yet ever been optimal. Therefore, purpose of this research was evaluated to role and fish species interaction in exploiting of food resource in Cirata Reservoir. The study was conducted in Ir. H. Djuanda Reservoir on March, June, and December 2007. Those observations were conducted with stratified method. Fish species were caught during this studies e.g. nilem(Psteochilus hasselti), patin (Pangasionodon hypopthalmus), nila (Oreochromis niloticus), benteur (Puntius binotatus), hanipal {Hampala macrolepidota), oscar (Amphilophus citrinellus), kebogerang (Mystus Negriceps), goldsom (Amphilophus alfari), lalawak {Barbonymus bramoides), tagih (Mystus nemurus), marinir (Parachromis managuense), betutu (Oxyeleotris marmorata), mas (Cyprinus carpio), bawal (Colossoma macropopomum) and gabus (Channa striata). Nila has food niche breadth the widest ness, this mean that the fish had much more adaptation ability of food fluctuation compared to the other fish species herbivore. Food competition opportunity between fish species in Cirata Reservoir was be very low. The condition could be interpreted that structure role of the fish community relative stabilize, because food resource was very copious availableness and had not yet been exploited in an optimal fashion. Therefore, the effort was improve exploiting of the food resource could be done by the stocking of herbivore fish, especially plankton feeder.

food habit , food niche breadth , fish species interaction , Cirata Reservoir.

Downloads article

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia

  Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:  
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.  
  b.) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.  
  c.) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).  
  Creative Commons License
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia by Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (MII) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at



Caddy, J.F. and G.D. Sharp. 1986. An Ecological framework for marine fishery investigation. FAO Fish. Tech.Pap., 283:152 pp.

Crowder, J.B., M.E. Maguson and S.B. Brandt. 1981. Complementary in the food and thermal habitat by Lake Michigan fishes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat.Sci.38: 662-668.

Crowder, L.B., M.E. McDonnald, and J.A. Rice. 1987. Understanding recruitment of Lake ichigan fishes: the importance of size-base interaction between fish and zooplankton. Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 44 (suppl. 2): 141-147.

Hespenheide, H.A. 1975. Prey characteristics and predator niche width, p. 1-58-179 In Martmel and Diamond (Eds.). Ecology and evaluation of communities. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press Cambridge.

Legendre, L. and F. Legendre, 1979. Ecologie numerique. Tome 2 La structur des donnees ecologiques. Les Presses de I’Universite du Quebec. 254 p.

Ludwig, J.A. dan J.F. Reynolds, 1988. Statistical ecology: a primer on methods and computing. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 335 p.

Nielsen, L.A. and D.L. Johnson. 1985. Fisheries techniques. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. 468 p.

Roughgarden, J. and J. Diammond. 1986. Overview: The role of species interactions in community ecology In: J. Diamond and T. J. Case. (Eds.). Community Ecology. Happer & Row, Publisher, New York, p.333-343.

Sokal, KR. and F.J. Rohlf, 1995. Biometry: theprinciples practice of statistics in biological research. W.H. Freeman and Company. 877 p.

Tjahjo, D.W.H, A. S. Nastiti., K. Pumomo, E. S. KartamihardjadanA. S. Samita, 1998. Potensi sumber daya perikanan di Danau Toba, Sumatra Utara. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia4(i): 1-12

Tjahjo, D.W.H., 1988. Kebiasaan pakan komunitas ikan di Waduk Saguling Jawa Barat. Bull. Penel. Perik. Darat, 7(1): 86-91

Tjahjo, D.W.H., 2000. Biolimnologi dan potensi produksi di perairan Waduk Darma, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia 6(3-4); 10-15

Tjahjo, D.W.H., 2004. Kemantapan hasil tangkapan, keterkaitannya dengan sintasan, Pertumbuhan dan intensitas penangkapan udang galah (Macrobrachium rosenbergit) yang ditebarkan di Waduk Darma, Kuningan-Jawa Barat. Disertasi. Sekolah Pascasatjana, IPB, Bogor. 149 p.

Tjahjo, D.W.H., Siti Nuroniah, dan Sri Endah Purnamaningtyas, 2001. Evaluasi bio-limnologi dan relung ekologi komunitas ikan
untuk menentukan jenis ikan yang ditebar di Waduk Darma. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan lndonesial 7 (1). 10-24.

Werner, E.F. 1986. Species interactions in freshwater fish communities. In Diamond. J. and T.J. Case (eds.) Community ecology. Happer & Row. Publishers. New York. 344-358.